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In the s the “frozen water trade” was an important part of the economy of the northeastern states, and a valuable source of income for farmers during the snowed-over winter months. Apart from cooling local ice-boxes, ice was exported as far afield as India and Australia. · The Frozen Water Trade. Apart from tobacco and textiles, yet another big business in Danville’s earlier days was ice. Several Ice companies existed in Danville from the late ’s up till the ’s when in-home electric refrigeration became the norm. · The book is about the trade of selling frozen blocks of ice from lakes, rivers and streams in the northeastern US around the world in the late ’s, early ’s. I own an ice chest from around this period and remember the stories from my parents of having ice delivered for the upper portion of 3,8/5. The Frozen Water Trade is a true story about an industry few people in today’s modern day knew about. In fact, it was an industry that went from a dream by one man, to a struggle to get traction, to a necessity for the many customers, to extinct in just over wahre-wahrheit.deted Reading Time: 4 mins.
On February 13, , the brig Favorite left Boston harbor bound for the Caribbean island of Martinique with a cargo that few imagined would survive the month-long voyage. Packed in hay in the hold were large chunks of ice cut from a frozen Massachusetts lake. This was the first venture of a young Boston entrepreneur, Frederic Tudor, who believed he could make a fortune selling ice to people in the tropics.
Ridiculed at the outset, Tudor endured years of hardship before he was to fulfill his dream. Over the years, he and his rivals extended the frozen-water trade to Havana, Charleston, New Orleans, London, and finally to Calcutta, where in more than one hundred tons of ice survived a four-month journey of 16, miles with two crossings of the equator. The Frozen-Water Trade is a fascinating account of the birth of an industry that ultimately revolutionized domestic life for millions of people.
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Live PTR. Classic TBC. Quick Facts. Comments Comment by Jaxor This vendor is going to be selling a variety of Crafting items including Eternals, Frost Lotus, Runed and Crusader Orbs, as well as a new tailoring-only carpet pattern. The difference is the currency for these items is Frozen Orbs- at the time of writing, 1 per eternal, 4 for runed, 6 for crusader and the carpet pattern. Comment by afflok This NPC will be added in Patch 3.
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The Frozen-Water Trade is a delightful history lesson. Frederic Tudor came from a fairly wealthy Bostonian family, one that believed in the merits of quality education. At the age of thirteen, Frederic decided to drop out of Boston Latin School where he had been sent in preparation for Harvard. Cold New England winters created tons of ice that essentially just went to waste come spring.
As the Tudor brothers started in the ice trade, they held their plans close to their chest. Frederic, for one, did not want any competition early on. As the years passed, Frederic had to deal with many pitfalls: heavy debt, incarceration, even a nervous breakdown before he could finally prove his point. Like a true enterprising businessman, Frederic predicted and built all the support structures needed for successful execution of his ice trade.
He researched the insulating materials that would let the ice survive a ship haul all the way from New England to Cuba and other tropical climes. Frederic also designed and built numerous icehouses to hold the ice once it reached port. In order that people preserve ice for a limited time after purchase, he also sold blankets that could be wrapped around the ice. Yet Frederic Tudor stuck it out till the end.
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The concept of virtual, or embedded, water was first developed as a way of understanding how water scarce countries could provide food, clothing and other water intensive goods to their inhabitants. The global trade in goods has allowed countries with limited water resources to rely on the water resources in other countries to meet the needs of their inhabitants. As food and other products are traded internationally, their water footprint follows them in the form of virtual water.
This allows us to link the water footprint of production to the water footprint of consumption, wherever they occur. Virtual water flows help us see how the water resources in one country are used to support consumption in another country. See our FAQs page to clarify the difference between water footprint and virtual water.
A country may aim to be self-sufficient by relying primarily on goods that can be produced within its borders. Or a country may choose to reduce the burden on the natural resources within its borders by importing water intensive products. A country may select energy security by using its natural resources to produce electricity in exchange for food security by importing food.
The water footprint and its translation into virtual water can illuminate these choices and their inter-dependencies. Coupling this with the water footprint enables us to map out the dependencies and to identify when and where risks may lie, in terms of scarcity and pollution.
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British journalist Weightman brings back the days when an icebox was truly an ice box. At the turn of the 19th century, a young Boston entrepreneur named Frederic Tudor thought he might be able to Weightman, a British journalist and filmmaker, recounts important aspects of the ice trade from its origins in about to the late s, when it was replaced by mechanical refrigeration. The Frozen Water Trade : A True Story. Gavin Weightman. Now in paperback, the fascinating story of America’s vast natural ice trade which revolutionized the 19th century On February 13, , the brig Favorite left Boston harbor bound for the Caribbean island of Martinique with a cargo that few imagined would survive the month-long voyage.
Packed in hay in the hold were large chunks of ice cut from a frozen Massachusetts lake. This was the first venture of a young Boston entrepreneur, Frederic Tudor, who believed he could make a fortune selling ice to people in the tropics. Ridiculed at the outset, Tudor endured years of hardship before he was to fulfill his dream. Over the years, he and his rivals extended the frozen-water trade to Havana, Charleston, New Orleans, London, and finally to Calcutta, where in more than one hundred tons of ice survived a four-month journey of 16, miles with two crossings of the equator.
The Frozen Water Trade is a fascinating account of the birth of an industry that ultimately revolutionized domestic life for millions of people. He lives in London.
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Sign up for LibraryThing to find out whether you’ll like this book. Excellent read. PatrickMurtha Feb 5, Sadly disappointing – this is a fascinating topic, but contrived to be plodding, repetitive and dull unless you’re more interested in the family in question than in their trade. The book focuses on Frederic Tudor, the most successful of the frozen water trade entrepreneurs and the originator of many of the practices of the business.
Overall it’s a pretty good book, although at times it does bog down a bit by focusing on the Tudor family issues. Also, due according to the author to a lack of sources, I felt there was a lack of breadth in the narrative, the book being more of a biography than an overview of an industry. These however are minor issues and the book is still worth the reading.
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In , this year-old Massachusetts native convinced himself he could make a fortune by shipping ice from Boston to the tropics. Of course, it was reasonable to assume there would be a market for ice in warm weather locales. Ironically, when Tudor first came up with the idea of supplying ice to warm weather cities, he was concerned about competitors moving to cash in on his big idea.
That concern was alleviated when fellow merchants dismissed him as foolish and crazy. In fact, his concept was considered dangerous, as ship owners worried that ice would damage other cargo or even threaten the integrity of their ship. Undeterred, Tudor bought his own vessel to carry the first load of ice 1, miles from Boston to the island of Martinique in Although a considerable amount of the ice melted during the three-week journey south, he did manage to sell much of what remained on board, proving not only that there was a market for ice, but that it might be of value to freight-carrying vessels departing from Boston.
Nevertheless, Tudor initially absorbed severe financial losses when three shipments to Havana the following year also failed to recoup. A prep-school dropout at the age of 13, Tudor had experienced a comfortable upbringing, but by the time his ice venture was underway the family had fallen on hard times, putting added pressure on Frederic to be successful. Although Tudor had his first profitable season in his personal debts far outweighed his income and he spent parts of and in debtor’s prison.
However, every shipment became a learning experience and yielded new technological breakthroughs in shipping, storing and transporting the ice. After the harvest, Tudor would store his product in wooden icehouses with cavity walls to provide insulation. Tudor was careful to insulate the holds of his ships in similar fashion, and under ideal circumstances constructed an icehouse at the destination point to preserve his product for as long as possible.
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/02/04 · The Frozen Water Trade.: On February 13, , the brig Favorite left Boston harbor bound for the Caribbean island of Martinique with a cargo that few imagined would survive the month-long voyage. Packed in hay in the hold were large chunks of ice cut from a frozen Massachusetts lake. This was the first venture of a young Boston entrepreneur. The frozen water trade had a profound influence on the tastes of a large part of the world, but with the development of artificial cooling systems in the first quarter of the 20th century, the huge industry established by Frederic Tudor vanished as if it had never been.4,5/5(2).
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